Between Spring 2012 and Summer 2014, 23 families and 36 individuals in Brighton, and 16 families and 25 individuals in Lancaster participated in a major ethnographic study of their travel and mobility patterns, with particular focus on how disruptions to their lives affected these.
The work concluded that the concepts of ‘normality’, ‘routine’ and ‘habit’ need to be discarded as the baselines for understanding mobility. People are constantly negotiating disruptions to their everyday mobility, and this suggests there is capacity for change that needs to be unlocked. Viewing mobility practice through ‘averages’ obscures our view of this capacity.
WP2 summary report (final) March 2015
WP2 Report (final) March 2015
A recent report containing key statistical information from a questionnaire survey of public experiences of travel disruption in the UK can be found below.
Disruption survey report
The survey was administered to 2700 respondents in six regions in the UK and elicited information relating to perceptions and experiences of travel disruption. Amongst the findings, it was found that 1 in 5 people feel that they are severely affected by disruption in their everyday life, and that people generally feel that disruption is something that cannot be anticipated or controlled.
Early findings from the Disruption project quantiative surveys on traveller responses to disruption can be found from our recent Presentation to Transport for London
Professor Greg Marsden’s blog post for The Conversation on the implications of the recent floods for UK infrastructure investment decisions asks whether infrequent yet high impact events will really make a difference to how we plan our transport systems.
The media have been giving lots of attention to the situation in New York with Hurricane Sandy this week (notably more than Jamaica, Cuba and Haiti received, but that is another issue). In Workpackage 6 we are looking at what the concept and study of ‘Disruption’ might mean for the development of low carbon travel practices, and now in New York we have a world class example.
There is a proverbial saying that the Chinese word for opportunity is the same as their word for crisis. Whether this is actually true or not is not important, what it highlights is the potential to take an unavoidable bad situation and make the most of it. What we have found in the Disruption project so far that the reaction in disruptive situations is for policy and governmental actors to focus on ‘getting things back to normal’ as soon as possible.
When faced with a need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% or more, in terms of sustainability, normality is no longer a credible option. The sort of change we need to bring about is unlikely to be achievable by a slow, gradual downsizing (we have probably left that too late now). What is needed is more like a step-change in the way we do things.
Disruptive events like Hurricane Sandy provide us just the opportunity to do this!
Do people change their behaviour during and after such events? Yes – often because they have no alternative, but sometimes because they are encouraged to do so.
Take for example the measures that have been introduced in New York over the last few days to force people to intensively car share (minimum 3 people!) or use public transport by making the subway free.
What will be interesting to see is if there are any efforts made to ‘lock in’ the changes that these measures will bring about, or if there will be an intentional, or accidental, slip back to the same old patterns of high carbon transport that existed before (and possibly contributed to) Hurricane Sandy and the devastation she caused……
Disruption in New York